Iontophoresis In Physical Therapy

Iontophoresis In Physical Therapy A number of methods exist that are used to administer medication in a patient’s body. Iontophoresis is one of such methods that has gained immense popularity in recent times in treating inflammation and pain. It is a therapeutic modality commonly used by trained physical therapists. It is a form of transdermal drug delivery (TDD) that uses electrical current to introduce or drive medications through the outermost layer of the skin (stratum corneum). The advantage of using this technique is that it allows the use of different types of compounds which can be directly applied into the target area. It also allows administering specific dose of a drug according to the severity of pain or inflammation of any particular patient and the outcome is quite desirable. Iontophoresis Application Before applying the technique a physiotherapist first decides on the type of medication to use. Medicines used in Iontophoresis depend on the goals of the treatment. Different drugs have varied effects on the body. Let your physiotherapist decide on the right medication to suit your specific condition. A direct current electrical stimulation unit is used to apply the technique. The unit has two electrodes: one electrode is for the positive current and the other is for the negative current. Your physiotherapist will apply the drug through either the negative electrode or the positive one. However, it solely depends on the type of medicine that is being used while applying the technique. The electrodes are applied to the body carefully. Electrode containing the medication is applied to the specific area of your body that is being treated. The one without the medication is applied to your body nearby. The electrical stimulation unit is then activated. And with the use of electric current medication is introduced into the injured or inflamed part. Common Uses Different uses of Iontophoresis include: Reduce inflammation. Pain reduction. Reduce muscle spasm. Decrease edema and swelling. Reduce deposits of calcium in the body. Manage scar tissue. Different Medications Used During Iontophoresis Dexamethasone This is a common anti-inflammatory drug composed of negatively charged ions of dexamethasone phosphate. It is used during iontophoresis treatment in several physical therapy clinics. The medication is effective in reducing localized inflammation that occurs in musculoskeletal conditions such as bursitis or tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, rheumatoid arthritis etc. Acetic Acid If a patient is suffering from a condition such as calcific tendonitis or adhesive capsulitis, your physiotherapist is likely to use acetic acid in solution while implementing the technique. It is primarily used to reduce the deposits of calcium in musculoskeletal tissue, which occurs if a patient has myositis ossificans. Calcium Chloride This medication is used to help reduction in muscle spasm. Chlorine This medication containing negatively charged ion is used in iontophoresis to treat scar tissue and keloid scars. Physiotherapists often use this medication to augment other treatments to heal scar tissue, like stretching or scar tissue massage. Hyaluronidase This medication is effective to treat soft tissue edema or swelling. If a patient has swelling after surgery or injury, this drug is effective in the chronic stages of healing to help in managing edema. Iodine Iodine is quite helpful in treating sclerotic conditions such as frozen shoulder. It has also been reported to improve flow of blood in tissues when used in Iontophoresis. However, to get the best possible result of the treatment, it is always recommended to get in touch with a professional physiotherapist who can skillfully offer the treatment. About Pieter: Pieter Reynolds is familiar with well-known physical therapy professionals. He himself has been benefitted by this therapeutic technique to improve his health condition. In this article, he has shared his knowledge about the use of Iontophoresis in physical therapy after collecting information from experienced physical therapist in Yorba Linda offering physical therapy services.